Plastic Surgery refers to the surgical repair of congenital or acquired deformities and the restoration of contour to improve the appearance and function of tissue defects. By the grafting of tissue or the use of artificial materials such as silicone , some remarkable restorations have become possible. Severe burns and the removal of fairly extensive skin cancers leave scars that must be covered by skin grafts; breast reconstruction after mastectomy is another application.
In addition to correcting a disfigurement, plastic surgery is often needed to restore vital movement and function of tissues that have been destroyed. It is also performed for purely cosmetic purposes, such as improving the shape of a nose, bringing outstanding ears closer to the head, or lifting the skin to erase wrinkles.
- Breast augmentation
- Breast reduction
- Rhinoplasty, septoplasty